However, members within NOI believed that he was using the organisation for his own benefits — to push his name forward at all costs. The original group was founded in Detroit by Wali Farad or W.
Integration was not a goal. Although his life was ended, the ideas he preached lived on in the Black Power Movement. Violence was not the only answer, but violence was justified in self-defense.
The majority of former members followed him into the larger Muslim community, where he remained a widely respected leader.
Haley, and selected speeches, Malcolm X Speaks ; J. The Nation also promotes racial unity and self-help and maintains a strict code of discipline among members. Wallace Fard founded the Nation of Islam in the s. Click the link for more information. Farrakhan toned down his racial rhetoric and moved the group toward orthodox Islam after a bout with prostate cancer in He called on African Americans to be proud of their heritage and to set up strong communities without the help of white Americans.
CONT This list needs to be alphabetized. Islam was brought to the United States by African Muslim slaves, and it retained a real if minuscule presence in the country throughout the 19th century.
Elijah Muhammad banned him from speaking in public for 90 days and Malcolm X adhered to this. His mother could not cope and he was brought up by white foster parents.
Malcolm X original name Malcolm Little. DysonJ. However, he had made enemies in NOI. He produced a new sacred text, The Holy Koran, that bears little resemblance to its namesake and was based on his limited knowledge of Islam and on spiritualist teachings.
The History Learning Site, 27 Mar Mixed with the religious tenets of Islam were black pride and black nationalism. Bibliography See his autobiography as told to A.
Upon his release, he was a changed man with a new identity. They formed two new organizations, both called the Nation of Islam, that continued the teachings of Elijah Muhammad.
C N Trueman "Malcolm X" historylearningsite. Discussions about those controversies should be limited to the relevant Talk pages. A petty criminal in Boston and Harlem, he was convicted of burglary and sent to prison, where he read widely and was introduced to the Black Muslims Black Muslims, African-American religious movement in the United States, split since the late s into the American Society of Muslims and the Nation of Islam.
He started to make contact with white non-American Muslims. This was almost certainly as a result of a pilgrimage he made to Mecca. Elijah Muhammad believed that the white race was created by Yakub, a black scientist, and that Allah had allowed this devilish race to hold power for 6, years.
These subjects are responsible for a great deal of tension among Wikipedia editors, reflecting the debates of society as a whole.Aug 12, · Yuri Kochiyama, Rights Activist Who Befriended Malcolm X, Dies at 93 Mrs.
Kochiyama, a Harlem activist who was interned with other Japanese-Americans in World War II, cradled a dying Malcolm X. (–65) African-American activist; born in Omaha, Nebr.
Malcolm claimed his father, a minister and follower of Marcus Garvey, was murdered by racists in Lansing, Mich. () (but at least one researcher claims his father died accidentally).
Moving to Boston, Malcolm turned to Born: May 19, If there was any one man who demonstrated the anger, the struggle, and the beliefs of African Americans in the s, that man was Malcolm X.
El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz was an African-American Muslim minister and a human rights activist. Malcolm X was a prominent figure during the Civil Rights era. Offering an alternative view to the mainstream Civil Rights movement, Malcolm X advocated for both the establishment of a separate black community (rather than integration) and the use of violence in self-defense (rather than non-violence.
Malcolm X was an African-American Muslim minister, leader and human rights activist. During the Civil Rights Movement of the s and 60s Malcolm X became one of the most prominent advocates for the rights.
Dec 11, · Malcolm X Essay; Malcolm X Essay. Malcolm X, a devout Muslim, who saw the injustices in the Muslim African American community, used his voice to fight for equality and freedom.
It is of result of collaboration between human rights activist Mr. Malcolm X and journalist Alex Haley. The book depicts more about Malcolm X’s life.Download